Microsoft DirectX 9.0

D3DPOOL Enumerated Type

Defines the memory class that holds a resource's buffers.


typedef enum _D3DPOOL {
    D3DPOOL_FORCE_DWORD = 0x7fffffff



Resources are placed in the memory pool most appropriate for the set of usages requested for the given resource. This is usually video memory, including both local video memory and accelerated graphics port (AGP) memory. The D3DPOOL_DEFAULT pool is separate from D3DPOOL_MANAGED and D3DPOOL_SYTEMMEM, and it specifies that the resource is placed in the preferred memory for device access. Note that D3DPOOL_DEFAULT never indicates that either D3DPOOL_MANAGED or D3DPOOL_SYSTEMMEM should be chosen as the memory pool type for this resource. Textures placed in the D3DPOOL_DEFAULT pool cannot be locked unless they are dynamic textures or they are private, four-character code (FOURCC), driver formats. To access unlockable textures, you must use functions such as IDirect3DDevice9::UpdateSurface, IDirect3DDevice9::UpdateTexture, IDirect3DDevice9::GetFrontBufferData and IDirect3DDevice9::GetRenderTargetData. D3DPOOL_MANAGED is probably a better choice than D3DPOOL_DEFAULT for most applications. Note that some textures created in driver proprietary pixel formats, unknown to the Microsoft?Direct3D?runtime, can be locked. Also note that - unlike textures - swap chain back buffers, render targets, vertex buffers, and index buffers can be locked. When a device is lost, resources created using D3DPOOL_DEFAULT must be released before calling IDirect3DDevice9::Reset. For more information, see Lost Devices.

When creating resources with D3DPOOL_DEFAULT, if video card memory is already committed, managed resources will be evicted to free enough memory to satisfy the request.


Resources are copied automatically to device-accessible memory as needed. Managed resources are backed by system memory and do not need to be re-created when a device is lost. See Managing Resources for more information. Managed resources can be locked. Only the system-memory copy is directly modified. Direct3D copies your changes to driver-accessible memory as needed.


Memory that is not typically accessible by the 3-D device. Consumes system RAM but does not reduce pageable RAM. These resources do not need to be re-created when a device is lost. Resources in this pool can be locked and can be used as the source for a IDirect3DDevice9::UpdateSurface or IDirect3DDevice9::UpdateTexture operation to a memory resource created with D3DPOOL_DEFAULT.


Resources are placed in system RAM and do not need to be re-created when a device is lost. These resources are not bound by device size or format restrictions. Because of this, these resources cannot be accessed by the Direct3D device nor set as textures or render targets. However, these resources can always be created, locked, and copied.


Forces this enumeration to compile to 32 bits in size. This value is not used.


All pool types are valid with all resources. This includes: vertex buffers, index buffers, textures, and surfaces.

There are some restrictions on the pool types for render targets and depth stencil surfaces.


There are also restrictions on the pool types for dynamic and mipmap usages.


For more information about usage types, see D3DUSAGE.

Pools cannot be mixed for different objects contained within one resource (mip levels in a mipmap) and, when a pool is chosen, it cannot be changed.

Applications should use D3DPOOL_MANAGED for most static resources because this saves the application from having to deal with lost devices. (Managed resources are restored by the runtime.) This is especially beneficial for UMA systems. Other dynamic resources are not a good match for D3DPOOL_MANAGED. In fact, index buffers and vertex buffers cannot be created using D3DPOOL_MANAGED together with D3DUSAGE_DYNAMIC.

For dynamic textures, it is sometimes desirable to use a pair of video memory and system memory textures, allocating the video memory using D3DPOOL_DEFAULT and the system memory using D3DPOOL_SYSTEMMEM. You can lock and modify the bits of the system memory texture using a locking method. Then you can update the video memory texture using IDirect3DDevice9::UpdateTexture.

Enumerated Type Information

Minimum operating systems Windows 98

See Also

IDirect3DDevice9::CreateCubeTexture, IDirect3DDevice9::CreateIndexBuffer, IDirect3DDevice9::CreateTexture, IDirect3DDevice9::CreateVolumeTexture, IDirect3DDevice9::CreateVertexBuffer, D3DINDEXBUFFER_DESC, D3DSURFACE_DESC, D3DVERTEXBUFFER_DESC, D3DVOLUME_DESC

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