|Microsoft DirectX 9.0|
There are two principal ways to start playback of an effect: manually by a call to the IDirectInputEffect::Start method, or automatically in response to a button press. Playback also starts when you change an effect by calling the IDirectInputEffect::SetParameters method with the DIEP_START flag.
Passing INFINITE in the dwIterations parameter of the IDirectInputEffect::Start method has the effect of playing the effect repeatedly, with the envelope being applied each time. If you want to repeat an effect without repeating the envelope—for example, to begin with a strong kick, then settle down to a steady throb—set dwIterations to 1, and set the dwDuration member of the DIEFFECT structure to INFINITE. (This is the structure passed to the IDirectInputDevice8::CreateEffect method.)
To associate an effect with a button press, set the dwTriggerButton member of the DIEFFECT structure. Also set the dwTriggerRepeatIntervalmember to the desired delay between playbacks when the button is held down. This is the interval, in microseconds, between the end of one playback and the start of the next.
To dissociate an effect from its trigger button, either call the IDirectInputEffect::Unload method or set the parameters for the effect with dwTriggerButton set to DIEB_NOTRIGGER.
Triggered effects, like all others, are lost when the application loses access to the device. To make them active again, download them as soon as the application reacquires the device. See Downloading and Unloading Effects. This step is not necessary for effects not associated with a trigger, because they are automatically downloaded if necessary whenever the IDirectInputEffect::Start method is called.
If an effect has a finite duration and is started by a call to the IDirectInputEffect::Start method, it stops playing when the time has elapsed. If its duration was set to INFINITE, playback ends only when the IDirectInputEffect::Stop method is called. An effect associated with a trigger button starts when the button is pressed and stops when the button is released or the duration has elapsed, whichever comes sooner.