Microsoft DirectX 9.0

Environment Mapping

Environment mapping is a technique that simulates highly reflective surfaces without using ray tracing. In practice, environment mapping applies a special texture map that contains an image of the scene surrounding an object to the object itself. The result approximates the appearance of a reflective surface, close enough to fool the eye, without incurring any of the complex computations involved in ray tracing.

The following image is taken from the Sphere Map Sample, which, as its name implies, uses a type of environment mapping called spherical environment mapping. For details, see Spherical Environment Mapping.

Teapot image with applied texture that simulates reflection of the surroundings

The teapot in this image appears to reflect its surroundings; this is actually a texture being applied to the object. Because environment mapping uses a texture, combined with specially computed texture coordinates, it can be performed in real-time.

This section provides information about performing two common types of environment mapping with Microsoft?Direct3D? There are many types of environment mapping in use throughout the graphics industry, but the following topics target the two most common forms: cubic environment mapping and spherical environment mapping.

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